General information

Course type AMUPIE
Module title Karst and caves
Language English
Module lecturer dr Ditta Kicińska
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position assistant professor
Faculty Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences
Semester 2023/2024 (winter)
Duration 15


Module aim (aims)

The aim of this course is to know and understand of a particular type of karst landscape and types of caves, interpret past conditions from karst features, caves and karst relation to the regional geologic history

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)

basic knowledge in Earth science (mainly geography) at the secondary school level


Week 1: introduction to karst phenomena and speleology (karst and cave terminology, karst rocks)
Week 2: geologic and geomorphic processes in caves
Week 3: surface karst features – sinkholes, springs, dry valleys, polje, cockpit karst, tower karst, etc.
Week 4: types of caves - their morphological, hydrological, geological, and microclimate characteristic (ice caves, volcano cave etc.)
Week 5: cave sediments - their occurrence, formation and dating, and their importance in paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental studies
Week 6: cave and karst areas in the world (for example: the deepest and the longest cave system in the world)
Week 7: karst geohazards; application of karst and cave geology to other geosciences

Reading list

David C. and White W. - 2004 Encyclopedia of Caves, Academic Press
Ford D.C. and Williams P.W. - 2007 Karst hydrogeology and geomorphology: Chichester, U.K., John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.Gunn J.- 2004 Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers
Palmer A.N.- 2007 Cave Geology: Dayton, Ohio, Cave BooksWhite W.B. - 1988, Geomorphology and hydrology of karst terrains. New York, Oxford University Press