|Module title||Global Change, Ecological Crisis And Nature Conservation: Lessons From Ecology And Palaeoecology|
|Module lecturer||dr Monika Karpińska-Kołaczek|
|Faculty||Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences|
Mondays, 9:45-11:15 (room 242)
Module aim (aims)
The lecture provides information about novel techniques investigating past global changes using biotic and abiotic indicators. Especially important in this context are high resolution (preferably annual) multi-proxy studies revealing in detail how environmental changes – including human impact – have disturbed various types of natural ecosystems. Terrestrial archives (e.g. soils, lakes and peatlands) give an opportunity to reconstruct precisely past climatic and human induced changes. From each of those archives several biotic or abiotic proxies (e.g. testate amoebae, plant remains pollen, plant macrofossils, chironomids) can be extracted. Those proxies are used to reconstruct past environmental variables such as temperature, precipitation or soil wetness. Furthermore, long-term ecology methods can also be used to reconstruct the land-use changes e.g. deforestation and soil erosion. The lecture presents theory, methods and several case studies of scientific research on the recent climatic changes and human impact. what is more, it also shows the importance of combination of neo-ecology and palaeoecology as the source of highly relevant information that improves palaeoenvironmental reconstructions.
Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)
Basic ecology knowledge
Week 1 Introduction: Holocene and the last millennium perspective of the global changeWeek 2 Ecology and palaeoecology – how they interact?Week 3 General information about methods (from the field to the laboratory)Week 4 Natural archives of the past ecosystems: lakes, peatlands, soils and tree ringsWeek 5 Biotic versus abiotic proxies: pollen, plant macrofossils, diatoms, chironomids, tree rings, geochemistry and stable isotopesWeek 6 Multiproxy high resolution approach – case studies from the different parts of the worldWeek 7 Long-term ecology in conservation biologyWeek 8 1. Practicals: Lake and peat depositsWeek 9 2. Practicals: Pollen, spores and non-pollen palynomorphsWeek 10 3. Practicals: Pollen and spores – data interpretationWeek 11 4. Practicals: Plant macrofossilsWeek 12 5. Practicals: Testate amoebaeWeek 13 6. Practicals: Interpretation of the diagrams
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