|Module title||Genocides And Ecocides: A Planetary Perspective|
|Module lecturer||prof. dr hab. Ewa Domańska and mgr Taynna Marino|
|Lecturer position||professor / PhD student|
|Faculty||Faculty of History|
Wednesday, 12:30-14:00, Faculty of History, ul. Uniwersytetu Poznanskiego 7, Morasko, room 4.134
Module aim (aims)
This course intends to explore the relationship between history, environment and various eco- and genocides. It will discuss comparative approaches to genocide studies and the problem of the universalization of the notion of holocaust, its usage to integrate Native American history and nuclear holocaust into genocide studies, and the the ethical dilemmas posed by the idea of "animal holocaust." While the focus of the course is theoretical and methodological, the case of different forms of mass-killings will be examined in order to discuss a problem of survival value of knowledge.
A1 - to introduce students to various cases of ecocides and genocides in contemporary history and to demonstrate the events’ interdependence
A2 - to deepen students’ understanding of the diverse ways that the concept of the Holocaust has been universalized and to introduce students to its various usages (Jewish Holocaust, nuclear holocaust, animal holocaust, environmental holocaust)
A3 – to encourage students to critically reflect on the problem of anthropocentrism and dehumanization as well as eurocentrism through analysis of ecocides and genocides
Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)
Advanced knowledge of English; scholarly interest in the environmental humanities, genocide and ecocide studies, extinction of species, Anthropocene, climate change and anthropogenic disasters and bridging Western and indigenous knowledges.
- Genocide and Ecocide Studies in the Framework of Anthropocene Humanities
- Ecocide as a Genocidal Project
- Ecocide as International Crime
- Ecocide as “Environmental Holocaust”
- Genocides - Comparative Perspective
- Nuclear Holocaust (Hiroshima)
- Animal Holocaust
- Genocide of Humans and Non-Humans (Indigenous Perspective)
- Ecocide, Colonialism and Global Capitalism
- Ecocides: The Planet as Sacrifice Zone
- Genocides and Ecocides as Human Suicide (or self-extinction)
- Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide, ed. Alexander Laban Hinton. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
- Franz J. Broswimmer, Ecocide. A Short History of the Mass Extinction of Species. London: Pluto Press, 2002.
- Ward Churchill, Struggle for the Land. Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide and Colonization. City Lights Books, 2002
- Paul Crutzen, “Geology of Mankind.” Nature, vol. 415, 3 January 2002: 23.
- Richard C. Foltz, "Does Nature Have Historical Agency? World History, Environmental History, and How Historians Can Help Save the Planet"?" The History Teacher, vol. 37, no. 1, November 2003: 9-28.
- Nick Haslam, "Dehumanization: An Integrative Review." Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol. 10, no. 3, 2006: 252-264.
- Kübra Kalkandelen & Darren O’Byrne, “On ecocide: toward a conceptual framework”. Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, vol. 18, no. 3, 2017: 333-349.
- Ben Kiernan, Blood and Soil. A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.
- Charles Patterson, Eternal Treblinka. Our Treatment of Animals and the Holocaust. London: Lantern Books, 2002.
- Edmund Russell, War and Nature. Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
- Damien Short, Redefining Genocide. Settler Colonialism, Social Death and Ecocide. London: ZED Books, 2016.
- David Sztybel, "Can the Treatment of Animals be Compared to the Holocaust." Ethics and Environment, vol. 11, no. 1, 2006: 97-132.
- James P. Sterba, “Understanding Evil: American Slavery, the Holocaust, and the Conquest of the American Indians”. Ethics, vol. 106, no. 2, January 1996: 424-448.
- William M. Tsutsui, “Landscapes in the Dark Valley: Toward an Environmental History of Wartime Japan.” Environmental History, vol. 8, no. 2, April 2003: 294-311.