General information

Module title X-Ray structural analysis of soft materials
Language English
Module lecturer prof. UAM dr hab. inż. Henryk Drozdowski
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position profesor UAM
Faculty Faculty of Physics
Semester 2021/2022 (summer)
Duration 45
USOS code 04-W-XRAY-45


Module aim (aims)

- An understanding of the essence of the liquid phase and amorphous, in particular the analysis of the following issues: short-range ordering of molecules, the average life time of molecules, isomerism, rotational diffusion and the viscosity of the liquid, van der Waals interactions in liquids conformations.- Acquiring the ability to use self-knowledge in the field of physics of liquids and amorphous bodies and its operational use in nanotechnology.- Learning in the laboratory X-ray methods of structural studies of molecular liquids, amorphous bodies (nanosystems carbon), solutions, and the serum of patients with diseases cancer.- The use of Fourier transform to analyze the function of the scattered intensity X-rays at various test nanomaterials.- Preparation of the diffraction experiments testing various materials in the liquid phase and amorphous and comparative analysis of the results of measurement.

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)

- in terms of knowledge of crystallography and solid state theory, knowledge fundamental issues of mathematical analysis - differentiation, integration Fourier transformation, - Skills - the ability to take notes, self-study literature, knowledge of the basics of using a computer,- in terms of social skills - teamwork


Week 1: X-Ray diffraction: general considerations Week 2: X-Ray diffraction: determination of molecular parameters Week 3: Gas-phase electron diffraction Week 4: Structure of molecular liquids. Pair distribution function Week 5: Models for the liquids state. Pair potential Week 6: The structure of glasses as shown by X-Ray diffraction Week 7: The application of X-Ray diffraction and computer experiments in the studies of structure of liquids and amorphous solids Week 8: X-Ray study of blond plasma from patients with neoplasmic disease Week 9: X-Ray analysis of the behavior of water adsorber in activated carbon fibres Week 10: The physical sense of the molecular packing coefficient Week 11: Structure and molecular correlations in liquid cyclohexane derivatives Week 12: Ionic Liquids – structure and molecular correlations Week 13: Non-equilibrium properties: liquid dynamicsWeek 14: Thermodynamics properties of liquids Week 15: Molecular re-orientation in liquids

Reading list

1. H. Ohno, K. Igarashi, N. Umesaki, K. Furukawa, X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Ionic Liquids, TRANS TECH PUBLICATIONS, Switzerland-Germany-UK-USA 1994.2. R. Zallen, The Physics of Amorphous Solids, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1993.3. I. Hargittai, W.J. Orville-Thomas, Diffraction Studies on Non-Crystalline Substances, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest 1991. 4. D. Schwarzenbach, Crystallography, John Wiley & Sons Chichester, New York 1996. 5. H. Drozdowski, in Chem. Phys Letters, 351 (1-2), 53-60 (2002). 6. H. Drozdowski, in Journal of Molecular Structure, 783, 204-209 (2006).