General information

Course type AMUPIE
Module title Managing, Protecting And Presenting The World Archaeological Heritage In Europe, Middle East & North Africa
Language English
Module lecturer Patrycja Filipowicz
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position adiunkt
Faculty Faculty of Archeology
Semester 2021/2022 (summer)
Duration 30
USOS code 05-WA-09


Module aim (aims)

The module is aimed at systematically presenting and discussing management strategies of archaeological heritage in a comparative perspective across Europe, Middle East & North Africa. The main legal acts regulating the principles of conservation and management of archaeological heritage in these areas are discussed. Also discussed is the practice in this domain in selected countries in all three regions. In addition, the course addresses a range of different aspects of heritage, such as problematic (unwanted) heritage, its socio-political context, as well as some of present-day concerns, challenges & threats specific to non-European regions (e.g. armed conflicts, ethnic cleansing, etc.).

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)



Week 1. Introduction

Week 2. Strategies for archaeological heritage management in Europe.

Week 3. International conventions: The United Nations & UNESCO

Week 4. International conventions: European Union & Council of Europe

Week 5. Legal regulations in the field of archaeological heritage in selected European countries: Great Britain & Germany

Week 6. Legal regulations in the field of archaeological heritage in selected European countries: Scandinavian countries & France

Week 7. Legal regulations in the field of archaeological heritage in selected Middle Eastern countries: Jordan, Lebanon & Israel

Week 8. Legal regulations in the field of archaeological heritage in selected Middle Eastern countries: Turkey & Syria

Week 9. Legal regulations in the field of archaeological heritage in the Gulf Arab states

Week 10. Legal regulations in the field of archaeological heritage in selected African countries: Egypt & Sudan

Week 11. Heritage and politics & ideology in the Near East

Week 12. Heritage and religion in the Near East

Week 13. Dissonant heritage in the Near East & North Africa

Week 14. Dissonant & unwanted heritage: the case of Armenian heritage in Turkey

Week 15. Endangered heritage in the Middle East

Reading list

Harrison, R. 2013. Forgetting to Remember, Remembering to Forget: Late Modern Heritage Practices, Sustainability and the ‘Crisis’ of Accumulation. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 19: 579–95
Hassan, F., de Trafford, A., and Mohsen, Y. (eds).2008. Cultural Heritage and Development in the Arab World. Alexandria, Egypt : Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Hodder, I. 2010. Cultural heritage rights. From ownership and descent to justice and well-being. Anthropological Quarterly 83: 861–82.
Kajda, K., Marx, A., Wright, H., Richards, J., Marciniak, A., Rossenbach, K., . . . Frase, I. 2018. Archaeology, heritage, and social value. Public perspectives on European archaeology. European Journal of Archaeology 21(1): 96-117.
Marciniak, A. 2011. Contemporary Polish archaeology in global context. In: L.R. Lozny, ed. Comparative Archaeologies: A Sociological View of the Science of the Past. New York: Springer, pp. 179–94
Marciniak, A. 2015. The Aftermath of Malta. In: M.H. van Dries, S.J. van der Linde & A. Strecker, eds. Fernweh. Crossing Borders and Connecting People in Archaeological Heritage Management. Essays in Honour of Prof. Willem J.H. Willems. Leiden: Sidestone Press, pp. 34–37.
Meskell, L. (ed.).1998. Archaeology under fire: nationalism, poltics and heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. London: Routledge
Meskell, L. 2018. A Future in Ruins: UNESCO, World Heritage, and the Dream of Peace. Oxford University Press
Near Eastern Archaeology. 2015. Vol. 78, No. 3, September 2015. Special Issue: The Cultural Heritage Crisis in the Middle East. The University of Chicago Press
Rico, T. 2017. The making of Islamic heritage: Muslim pasts and heritage presents. Springer Nature.
Schlanger, N. & Aitchison, K. 2010. Archaeology and the Global Economic Crisis: Multiple Impacts, Possible Solutions. Trevuren: Culture Lab Editions
Sonderland, H.A., I. Lilley. 2015. The fusion of law and ethics in cultural heritage management: The 21st century confronts archaeology. Journal of Field Archaeology 40: 508-522.
Tunbridge J. E., Ashworth G.J., 1996. Dissonant Heritage. The Management of the Past as a Resource in Conflict, Wiley, Chichester
van den Dries, M.H. & van der Linde, S.J. 2012. Twenty years after Malta: Archaeological heritage as a source of collective memory and scientific study anno 2012. AnalectaPrehistoricaLeidensia 43/44: 9–19.
Willems, W. 1998. Archaeological and heritage management in Europe. Trends and developments. European Journal of Archaeology 1(3): 293-311.
Willems, W.J.H. 2014. The future of world heritage and the emergence of transnational heritage regimes. Heritage & Society 7: 105–20.