General information

Module title Strategies For Protection And Management Of Archaeological Heritage In Poland
Language English
Module lecturer Michał Pawleta
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position professor
Faculty Faculty of Archeology
Semester 2021/2022 (summer)
Duration 15
USOS code 05-WA-08


Module aim (aims)

This course addresses issues related to strategies of protection of archaeological monuments and heritage in Poland, analyzed in the broader European context. It presents legal framework of protection of archaeological monuments in the historical perspective. During the course students will be familiarized with legislative documents regulating the protection of cultural and archaeological heritage in Poland. They will be acquainted with conventions, regulations and acts as well as with organizational structures and bodies responsible for the protection of cultural (archaeological) heritage. During the course also issues of the role of archaeological heritage in the local development, archaeological heritage stakeholders and frameworks of dissemination of archaeological heritage sites will be discussed. The course objectives is to provide students with the knowledge of legal system defining rules and practice in the domain of protection and management of archaeological heritage in Poland in a historical perspective as well as political, social, and economic context of changes in these regulations.

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)



Week 1. Main concepts and notions: a monument, heritage (in broader and narrow sense), cultural landscape etc.

Week 2. The protection of archaeological heritage in Poland until 1989.

Week 3. Heritage and transformation in Poland after 1989.

Week 4. Conventions related to protection of heritage, including archaeological heritage

Week 5. Heritage and local development: towards a sustainable development.

Week 6. Main challenges and threats to protection archaeological heritage in Poland.

Week 7. The legal frameworks of dissemination of archaeological heritage sites.

Week 8. Discussion.

Reading list

Arpenti I. 2017. Cultural heritage management: the Polish experience. PLURAL. History. Culture. Society 1, 120-141. Available at:
Carman J. 2015. Archaeological resource management: an international perspective, Cambridge.
Hristova S. 2017. The European model of cultural heritage policy. Zarządzanie w Kulturze 18(1), 1-16.
Kajda K. et all. 2018. Archaeology, heritage and social value. The public perspectives on European archaeology. European Journal of Archaeology, 21(1), 96-117.
Kobyliński Z. 2000. Protection of the European archaeological heritage: current problems and perspectives. Archaeologial Polona 38, 33-42.
Kobyliński Z. 2008. Protection, maintenance and enhancement of cultural landscapes in changing social, political and economical reality in Poland. In Landscapes under pressure. Theory and practice of cultural heritage research and preservation, Springer, 213-242.
Kobyliński, 2010. Contemporary archaeological heritage management: conflicts between research, preservation and presentation. In Conservation and preservation. Interactions between theory and practice, M. Falser, W. Lipp, A. Tomaszewski (eds.), Firenze, 143-157.
Kobyliński 2013. Cultural heritage: values and ownership. In Counterpoint: essays in archaeology and heritage studies in honour of Professor Kristian Kristiansen, S. Bergerbrant, S. Sabatini (eds.), Oxford, 719-724.
Kusek R., Purchla J. 2017. (eds.), Heritage and the city, Kraków.
Landmann T. 2018. Legal regulations in the field of cultural heritage protection in Poland after 1989 – evaluation attempt. Scientific Journal of the Military University of Land Forces 50, 1(187), 75-91.
Lipska D. 2017. Opieka i ochrona dziedzictwa kulturowego na ziemiach Polski. Ochrona Zabytków. Dodatek Specjalny, 41-54. Available at:
Makowska A., Oniszczuk A., Sabaciński M. 2016. Some remarks on the stormy relationship between the detectorists and archaeological heritage in Poland. Open Archaeology 2, 171-181. Available at:
Murzyn M. 2007. Cultural heritage in time of change: opportunities and challenges. In Cultural heritage in the 21st century. Opportunities and challenges, M. Murzyn, J. Purchla (eds.), Kraków, 139-154.
Murzyn M. 2008. Heritage transformation in Central and Eastern Europe. In The Ashgate research com-panion to heritage and identity, B. Graham, P. Howard (eds.), Aldershot, 315-346.
Murzyn-Kupisz M. 2012. Cultural, economic and social sustainability of heritage tourism: issues and challenges. Economic and Environmental Studies 12(22), 113-133.
Purchla J. 2008. Heritage and transformation, Kraków.
Purchla J. 2015. Central Europe and its heritage: the dilemmas of transformation. In The limits of heritage. The 2nd Heritage Forum of Central Europe, K. Jagodzińska, J. Purchla (eds.), Kraków, 11-22.
Sienkiewicz T. 2015. Legal acts of the provincial monument conservator. The need for research on the legal acts of the provincial monument conservator. Review of Comparative Law 22, 47-75.
Szmygin B. 2015. (ed.), Heritage value assessment systems – the problems and the current state of research, Lublin, Warszawa. Available at:
Szmygin B. 2016. Protection of historic monuments and sites – achievements, problems, perspectives. In Heritage in transformation: cultural heritage protection in XXI century: problems, challenges, predictions, B. Szmygin (ed.), Florence, Lublin, 191-200. Available at:
Szpanowski P. 2011. Organisation of heritage protection in Poland. In Protecting and safeguarding cultural heritage. Systems of management of cultural heritage in the Visegrad Countries, J. Purchla (ed.), Kraków, 211-222. Available at:
Willems W. 1998. Archaeological and heritage management in Europe. Trends and developments. European Journal of Archaeology 1(3), 293-311.
Wysocki J. 1997-1998. The protection of the archaeological heritage in Poland in the 20th century: concepts and practices. Archaeologia Polona 35-36, 427-452. Available at: