General information

Course type AMUPIE
Module title Remote Sensing Methods For Archaeological Heritage Protection And Management. Data, Processing And Interpretation
Language English
Module lecturer Włodzimierz Rączkowski, Filip Wałdoch, Lidia Żuk
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position professor
Faculty Faculty of Archeology
Semester 2021/2022 (winter)
Duration 65
USOS code 05-WA-03


Module aim (aims)

The course will cover the application of airborne remote sensing methods in archaeology. Those methods are: aerial photographs, satellite imageries, airborne laser scanning, hyper- and multispectral sensors. During the course methods will be characterized. Three different stages of working with those methods will be discussed: data acquiring, data processing and interpretation. The main aim of the course is to learn and extend the knowledge on currently applied non-invasive methods in archaeology. Students will get knowledge on both the potential as well as limitations of those methods. As a result students will be acquainted basic skills in identification and interpretation of archaeological relics detectable by remote sensing methods, including the current conditions and threats. Consequently, students will understand processes and phenomena, which got an impact on constructing the knowledge on archaeological heritage resource protection and management.

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)



Week 1: Remote sensing – basic terminology, forms of application in archaeology (3 hrs)

Week 2: History of remote sensing methods in archaeology (aerial photographs, satellite imageries, airborne laser scanning) (3 hrs)

Week 3: Why can we see? – basics of aerial archaeology (4 hrs)

Week 4: Image and its interpretation – theoretical background (3 hrs)

Week 5: Interpretation of aerial photographs (6 hrs)

Week 6: Stereoscopy (3 hrs)

Week 7: Mapping archaeological sites (4 hrs)

Week 8: Building data base of archaeological sites using remote sensing methods (3 hrs)

Week 9: Mapping as interpretation: critical approach (6 hrs)

Week 10: Satellite imageries – data sources and characterization (6 hrs)

Week 11: Satellite imageries – basic data processing (6 hrs)

Week 12: Airborne laser scanning – basics (3 hrs)

Week 13: Airborne laser scanning – data processing, DTM models (4 hrs)

Week 14: Airborne laser scanning – data interpretations (3 hrs)

Week 15: Project presentation – discussion (3 hrs)

+ 5hrs tutorials

Reading list

Bewley R., Rączkowski W. (eds) 2002. Aerial Archaeology. Developing Future Practice.Amsterdam: IOS Press.Bourgeois J., Meganck M. (eds) 2005. Aerial Photography and Archaeology 2003. A Centuryof Information, Ghent: Academia Press.Brophy K., Cowley D. (eds) 2005. From the Air. Understanding Aerial Archaeology, Stroud:Tempus.Campana S., Forte M. (eds) 2006. From Space to Place, OxfordCowley D. (ed.) 2011. Remote Sensing for Archaeological Heritage Management, Brussel: ArchaeolinguaCrawford O.G.S. 1924. Air Survey and Archaeology. LondonCrutchley S., Crow P. 2009. The Light Fantastic. Using airborne lidar in archaeological survey, English HeritageGojda M. (eds) 2004. Ancient Landscape, Settlement Dynamics and Non-Destructivearchaeology. PrahaKokalj Ž., Hesse R., 2017. Airborne laser scanning raster data visualization: A Guide to Good, Practice, LjubljanaLasaponara R., Masini N. (eds) 2008. Advances on Remote Sensing for Archaeology andCultural Heritage Management, Rome: EARSeL, CNRLasaponara R., Masini N (eds) 2012. Satellite Remote Sensing. A New Tool for Archaeology. SpringerOpitz, R.S., Cowley, D.C. (eds) 2013. Interpreting archaeological topography: airborne laser scanning, 3D data and interpretation. Oxbow: Oxford.Palmer R. 1984. Danebury: an aerial photographic interpretation of its environs, RCHMEPalmer R., Cox C. 1993. Uses of aerial photography in archaeological evaluations, IFATechnical Papers 12.Parcak S. 2009. Satellite Remote Sensing For Archaeology, London: RoutladgeRączkowski W. 1999. Power of image: some ideas on post-processual aerial archaeology,AARGnews, 19, s. 10-14.Rączkowski W. 2001. Science and/or art: aerial photographs in archaeological discourse,Archaeologia Polona, 39, s. 127-146.Riley D., 1946. The technique of air-archaeology, Archaeological Journal 101: 1-16Riley D., 1980. Early Landscape from the Air, SheffieldWhimster R. 1982. The Emerging Past: air photography and the buried landscape, LondonWilson D. 2000. Air Photo Interpretation for Archaeologists, LondonWiseman J., El-Baz F. (eds) 2007. Remote sensing for archeology, Springer