General information

Module title Nations and Nationalism in Europe
Language English
Module lecturer prof. dr hab. Michał Buchowski
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position professor
Faculty Faculty of Anthropology and Cultural Studies
Semester 2021/2022 (winter)
Duration 30


Module aim (aims)

• Having knowledge about theories of nationalism• Developing ability to critically asses different discourses about nations and nationalism• Gaining knowledge about major facts and issues related to nationalism in the contemporary world• Gaining knowledge about major facts and issues related to nationalism in the contemporary world

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)

• Understanding of major threats and their solutions to nationalists ideology• Critically understanding social and cultural mechanisms related to nationalism


Week 1: What is nationalism? Basic concepts and ideasWeek 2: Theories of nationalism: primordalismWeek 3: Theories of nationalism: constructivismWeek 4: Constructing nations: some examplesWeek 5: Symbols of National Identity and ‘Heroes’ of NationsWeek 6: Central and Eastern European nationalism: specific or typical?Week 7: Self-determination vs. territorial integrityWeek 8: Constitutional nationalismWeek 9: Ethnic DemocracyWeek 10: Ethnic cleansings: general characteristicsWeek 11: Ethnic cleansings: some case studiesWeek 12: The question of minoritiesWeek 13: Visible and invisible minorities in EuropeWeek 14: Religous minorities turning into ethnic minoritesWeek 15: Is nationalism alive?

Reading list

1. Ramón Máiz, Framing the nation: three rival versions of contemporary nationalist ideology, Journal of Political Ideologies 8(3) [2003]: 251-267.2. Manu Goswami, Rethinking the Modular Nation Form: Toward a Sociohistorical Conception of Nationalism, Comparative Study of Society and History 44 [2002]: 770-799.3. Geert van der Bossche, Is There Nationalism After Ernest Gellner? An Exploration of Methodological Choices, “Nations and Nationalism” 9 (4), 2003: 491-509.4. Miroslav Hroch, Real and constructed: the nature of the nation, in: J.S. Hall (ed.), The State of the Nation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998, pp. 91-106.5. Dunja Rhitman-Auguštin, The monument in the main city square: constructing and erasing memory in contemporary Croatia, in: M. Todorova (ed.), Balkan identities: nation and memory, pp. 180-196, New York: New York University Press 2004.6. Rogers Brubaker, Myth and misconceptions in the study of nationalism, in: J.S. Hall (ed.), The State of the Nation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1998, pp. 272-306.7. Kovacs, Maria M., Standards of self-determination and the standards of minority rights in the post-communist era: a historical perspective, Nations and Nationalism 9(3), 2003: 433-450.8. a. Bill Kisane and Nick Sitter, The marriage of state and nation in European constitutions, Nations and Nationalism 16(1) [2010]: 49-67.b. Robert Hayden, ‘Constitutional nationalism’, Chapter 4 in: idem: Blueprints for a House Divided: the Constitutional Logic of the Yugoslav Conflict, pp. 67-83, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press 1999.9. David Smith, ‘The restoration principle in post-communist Estonia’, in: G. Smith (ed.), The nationalities question in the post-Soviet states, pp. 287-323, London: Longman 1996.10. Norman M. Naimark, Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe, pp. 185-199, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 2001.11. a. Chris Hann, Ethnic cleansing in Eastern Europe: Poles and Ukrainians beside the Curzon Line', Nations and Nationalism 2(3), 1996, pp. 389-406.b. Bernd Lineck, “De-Germanization” and “Re-Polonization” in Upper Silesia, 1945-1950, in: P. Ther (ed.) Redrawing nations: Ethnic cleansing in East Central Europe, Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield 2001.c. Klejda Mulaj, A Recurrent Tragedy: Ethnic Cleansing as a Tool of State Building in the Yugoslav Multinational Setting, Nationalities Papers 34(1) [2006]: 22-50.12. Sener Akturk, Continuity and Change in the Regimes of Ethnicity in Austria, Germany, the USSR/Russia, and Turkey: Varieties of Ethnic Regimes and Hypotheses for Change, Nationalities Papers 35(1) [2007]: 23-49.13 a. Jean-Pierre Liegeois and Nicolae Gheorghe, Roma/Gypsies: a European minority, London: Minority Groups Right 1995, pp. 7-20.b. Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers, ‘“The Aromanians” Awakening: Identity Politics and Conflicts in Post-Communist Albania’.14. Hugh Poulton, 'The Muslim Experience in the Balkan States, 1919-1991’, Nationalities Papers 28(1), (2000), p.45-66.