|Module title||Basics of Hydrology|
|Module lecturer||prof. UAM dr hab. Leszek Sobkowiak|
|Faculty||Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences|
Module aim (aims)
- familiarize students with basic terms and concepts in hydrology, their development, internal structure, research subject and methods,- explain the physical bases of water circulation, its role to the environment and man,- explain basic hydrological characteristics of rivers, lakes, swamps, glaciers, seas and oceans,- indicate an increasing impact of human activities on water balance at local, regional and global scales,- identify areas of the world with different water resources availability, explain the causes and consequences of these differences.
Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)
Basic knowledge on geography, geology, physics and chemistry
Week 1 Lecture 1 (2 hours): Overview of hydrological concepts through centuries. Hydrology as a modern science. Hydrological survey. Hydrographic maps of Poland.Practical classes 1 (2 hours): Analysis of hydrographic maps and their contents.Week 2 Lecture 2 (2 hours): Basic hydrological terminology. Basic physical and chemical properties of water. Water circulation and water balance.Week 3 Lecture 3 (2 hours): Rivers – basic terminology. Classification of rivers. Physical properties of river waters. Water stages and river discharges.Practical classes 2 (2 hours): Water stages – construction and analysis of hydrographs.Week 4 Lecture 4 (2 hours): Extreme hydrological events: floods and droughts.Practical classes 3 (2 hours): Analysis of extreme hydrological events in selected regions of the world.Week 5 Lecture 5 (2 hours): River regimes and their classification.Practical classes 4 (2 hours): Analysis of river regimes in different parts of the world.Week 6 Lecture 6 (2 hours): Lakes – basic terminology. Classification of lakes by origin. Basic morphometric characteristics of lakes. Role of lakes in water circulation. Selected lakes of the world.Week 7 Lecture 7 (2 hours): Swamps and glaciers – their origin, morphology and typology. Role of swamps and glaciers in water circulation. Selected swamps and glaciers of the world.Week 8 Lecture 8 (2 hours): Water resources of the world.Practical classes 5 (2 hours): Assessment of water resources in selected regions of the world.Week 9 Lecture 9 (2 hours): Oceans and seas – distribution of continents and oceans on the Earth. Classification of seas. Chemistry of ocean and sea water (salinity). Sediments. Waves, tides and currents.Week 10 Final written test (2 hours).