General information

Course type AMUPIE
Module title Lifestyle And Health Status Of Indigenous People
Language English
Module lecturer prof. UAM dr hab. Grażyna Liczbińska
Lecturer's email
Lecturer position
Faculty Faculty of Biology
Semester 2024/2025 (summer)
Duration 20


Module aim (aims)

  1. Providing students with essential knowledge about current socio-economic situation of selected indigenous groups around the world.2. Students will gain knowledge about health profile of indigenous groups and its causative factors.3. During the lectures students will gain basic knowledge about various biological, ecological and cultural factors influencing fertility and longevity, changes in well-being in tribal populations. It will be discussed the forecast on the future of health and biological condition of tribal groups and their relation with the government policies.

Pre-requisites in terms of knowledge, skills and social competences (where relevant)


Week 1: Trends in civilization-related diseases around contemporary world.

Week 2: Changes in habits and lifestyles of indigenous populations and the increase of the risks for man-made diseases.

Week 3: Epidemiological and demographic changes in indigenous population.

Week 4: Prevalence of non-communicable diseases risk in indigenous groups and their association with environmental conditions.

Week 5: The impact of urbanization on the increased trends in cardiovascular mortality among indigenous populations.

Week 6: Environmental factors associated with obesity, hypertension and diabetes in indigenous communities.

Week 7: Dietary transition in indigenous groups and their implications for prevalence of diabetes.

Week 8: Prevalence and correlates of metabolic syndromes in indigenous communities.

Week 9: Alcohol and suicide problems in indigenous groups.

Week 10: Projects presentations and summary of the course.

Reading list

Adak DK, Gautam RK, Bharati S, Gharami AK, Pal M, Bharati P. 2006. Body mass Index and Chronic Energy Deficiency of Adult Males of Central Indian Populations. Human Biology 78(2):161–178.Adegbija O, Hoy WE, Wang Z. 2015. Waist circumference values equivalent to body mass index points for predicting absolute cardiovascular disease risks among adults in an Aboriginal community: a prospective cohort study. BMI 5(11):e009185. Adegbija O, Hoy WE, Wang Z. 2015. Predicting absolute risk of type 2 diabetes using age and waist circumference values in an aboriginal Australian community”. PLoS One 13: 10(4):e0123788.Devakumar Kular D, Shrestha BP, Grijalva-Eternod C, Daniel RM, Saville NM, Manandhar DS, Costello A, Osrin D, Wells JCK. 2018. Socioeconomic determinants of growth in a longitudinal study in Nepal. Maternal and Child Nutrition 14(1). doi: 10.1111/mcn.12462. Gautam RK. 2007. Traditional occupations and nutritional adaptation among central Indian caste populations. Journal of Biosocial Science 40(5): 697–723.Gautam RK, Thakur R. 2009. Biosocial Correlates of Nutrition and Chronic Energy Deficiency among Adult Females of two Ecological Zones in Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand, India. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition 15(2): 137–153.Kirunda BE, Fadnes LT, Wamani H, Van den Broeck J, Tylleskär T. 2015. Population-based survey of overweight and obesity and the associated factors in peri-urban and rural Eastern Uganda. BMC Public Health 24; 15:1168. Doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2506-7.Malina RM, Pena Reyes ME, Tan SH, Buschang PH, Little BB. 2007. Overweight and Obesity in a Rural Amerindian Population in Oaxaca, Southern Mexico, 1968-2000. American Journal of Human Biology 19: 711–721.Malina RM, Pena Reyes ME, Bali-Chavez G, Little BB. 2013. “Thinness, overweight and obesity in indigenous south in Oaxaca 1970 and 2007”. Saludos Publica de Mexico 55 (4): 387–393.McDermott RA, Tulip F, Schmidt B. 2004. Diabetes care in remote northern Australian Indigenous communities. Medical Journal of Australia 180(10):512–516.Rahmani A, Sayehmiri K, Asadollahi K, Sarokhani D, Islami F, Sarokhani M. 2015. Investigation of the Prevalence of Obesity in Iran: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study. Acta Medica Iranica 53(10):596–607. Sellers EA, Singh GR, Sayers SM. 2008. Large waist but low body mass index: the metabolic syndrome in Australian Aboriginal children. The Journal of Paediatrics (2):222–227.Tripathy JP, Thakur JS, Jeet G, Chawla S, Jain S, Prasad R. 2016. Urban rural differences in diet, physical activity and obesity in India: are we witnessing the great Indian equalisation? Results from a cross-sectional STEPS survey. BMC Public Health 16(1):816.Veghari G, Ahmadpour-Kacho M, Zahedpasha Y. 2014. The comparison of parents' educational level on the breastfeeding status between Turkmen and non-Turkmen ethnic groups in the north of Iran. Annals of Medical Health Science Research 4(6):899–903.Wang Z, Hoy WE. 2004a. Body size measurements as predictors of type 2 diabetes in Aboriginal people. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders (12):1580–1584.Yepes M, Maurer J, Viswanathan B, Gedeon J, Bovet P. 2016. Potential Reach of Health versus Traditional Mass Media for Prevention of Chronic Diseases: Evidence from a Nationally Representative Survey in a Middle-Income Country in Africa. Journal of Medical Internet Research 18(5):e114. doi: 10.2196/jmir.5592.